Other Cannabinoids: There’s More Than Just CBD & THC in Hemp & Cannabis
You’ll doubtless have heard of cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), but are you aware of other cannabinoids, like cannabigerol (CBG), tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), and cannabinol (CBN)?
These days, people often speak of the miraculous boons of hemp. With a massive surge in the popularity of using CBD oil for weight loss, it feels like every day, we learn of more cannabinoids that might also benefit health. This article will touch upon four of these, the unique medical benefits they offer, and their full spectrum properties when sourced from both industrial hemp and marijuana.
Because cannabinoids function better together rather than individually, it’s crucial to spend some time learning of the contrasting ways that the compounds found in hemp and cannabis work in this fashion. The three discussed below are CBG, THCV, and CBN. Don’t forget that research into cannabinoids is still at an early stage, but the things that have already been discovered are extremely promising.
It’s time to make a start!
Our first cannabinoid is cannabigerol (CBG). Like CBD, it doesn’t cause a THC -style “high”.
Interestingly, both CBD and THC begin as CBG. This process is interesting . What happens is that cannabis plants make cannabigerol acid (CBGA). Particular enzymes then break the CBGA down into the acidic forms of CBD and THC — CBDA and THCA. Next, CBD and THC are formed by decarboxylation as the acid is burned off.
CBG exerts benefits by increasing the amount of anandamide in the body. This is an endocannabinoid , a cannabinoid naturally produced by the human body. It helps to control biological functions that include appetite, memory, and sleep.
The benefits of CBG:
- Cannabigerol promotes healing and the formation of bones. Osteoporosis resulting from age is associated with lessened bone formation plus greater gathering of fat in bone marrow. A study that appeared in pubmed.gov read that the type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1) governs this process. It then added that bone marrow stem cells could be stimulated by controlling adipocyte (fat accumulation in connective tissue) and osteoblast (bone formation) differentiation by the stromal cells of marrow.
- It hampers the growth of tumors! CBD, CBG, and CDC have all been proven to hinder the growth of cancer cells and tumors. A study that featured in cannabisinternational.org stated that CBG and other cannabinoids appear to have antiproliferative/proapoptotic qualities.
- It has been demonstrated that CBG has antimicrobial and antifungal properties. These make it ripe for antibacterial and antifungal treatment. There are scientists who hold that CBG might be used to effectively treat Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA), a widespread antibiotic-resistant bacterium.
- There has been promising research into neuroprotetive effects, the treatment of anxiety and depression, glaucoma, and overactive bladders, and skin treatment for psoriasis. — find out what is the best way to take cbd oil for anxiety.
The next cannabinoid on our list is tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV). The makeup of this compound is close to that of the infamous THC. Its effects on the body, however, are different.
THC and THCV are both psychoactive — they make the user “high”. THC produces this effect by binding to the CB1 and CB2 receptors of the body. THCV binds to the same receptors at low doses but fails to activate them, acting in a fashion more similar to CBD. When the dosage is higher, THCV activates the CB1 receptor just as THC does and produces a psychoactive “buzz”.
Research into the different cannabinoids that are present in hemp and cannabis has found that it isn’t just CBD and THC that affect healing. Click here to discover why hemp cannabis quality matters.
The feeling produced by THCV appears to arise faster than with THC and also fades away faster. Users have reported a high that is more temperate and exhilarating.
The benefits of THCV, per Bailey Rahn of leafly.com:
- THCV might be anticonvulsive and heightens the seizure threshold for people suffering from
epilepsy. The upshot is that they suffer fewer seizures.
- Research continues to study the ability of THCV to promote bone growth, which might be
useful in treating osteoporosis and similar bone conditions.
- THCV negates feelings of anxiety and has been demonstrated to be an effective treatment for
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
- THCV makes motor control better, lessens tremors, and reduces the consequences of the brain
lesions that Alzheimer’s disease causes. It is, however, important to be aware that research
remains at an early stage, and considerably more has yet to be uncovered.
- Researchers think that THCV blocks out the sensations of reward we feel when eating,
particularly comfort foods, which tend to be unhealthy.
An article about THCV that Northwest Leaf authored named “ THCV: a potent, rare and promising cannabinoid ” is very informative.
Our third cannabinoid is cannabinol (CBN). This one is interesting because it’s created when THC comes into contact with oxygen or is heated. In contrast to THC, CBN does not bind well with CB1 or CB2 receptors. CBN is regarded as nonpsychoactive by scientists. This cannabinoid is not widely found. Cannabis plants are, on average, less than one percent CBN.
The benefits of CBN:
It improves the growth of bone tissue. Studies have shown that CBN leads to indirect recruitment of mesenchymal stem cells, which are found around bone marrow. The result is that these stem cells can metamorphose into bone as well as other tissues, meaning CBN may be helpful in the healing of fractured bone. The Journal of Neuroimmunology has featured more information about this.
CBN, like other cannabinoids, is anti-inflammatory while also relieving pain. Research, which is still at an early stage, has shown that CBN, when given with CBD, might turn out to be a powerful treatment for burns.
It’s a sedative. As can be seen in an article by Royal Queen Seeds, there has been research that has established that CBN might be as potent as regular sedative drugs.
Would cbd oil work for migraines? afoot is the examination by scientists of the possibilities of using CBN as an appetite stimulant, an anticonvulsive agent, and a sleep aid. It appears to function best when used alongside CBD and THC.
The cannabinoids of industrial hemp compared to psychoactive cannabis (marijuana)
Now you know about these cannabinoids, it’s key to appreciate how those contained by industrial hemp and marijuana differ.
Hemp and marijuana are both forms of the plant, cannabis, but different strains and methods of growing make psychoactive cannabis, which is high in THC, different from industrial hemp, which is low in THC. Both these plants produce flower buds, and the buds of both plants contain cannabinoids. But are the cannabinoids in hemp and marijuana the same? In short, the answer is affirmative.
Franjo Grotenhermen, the International Association For Cannabinoid Medicines’ chairman from 2000 to 2003, remarked, “CBD is CBD.” He went on to detail that the human body doesn’t care whether the molecule came from hemp or marijuana.
A scientist wearing gloves who is wielding a hemp leaf and a vial of CBD. “Full spectrum” extracts hold more cannabinoids, terpenes, and other useful chemicals that exist in hemp and cannabis.
But hemp and cannabis still have distinct differences. For instance, cannabis that is psychoactive contains a large quantity of THC, flavonoids, and terpenes that is simply absent from hemp. Marijuana also has more CBD than do most kinds of hemp.
“Full spectrum” means more cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes
When consumers purchase CBD that was derived from industrial hemp, as with most CBD products available commercially in the United States, we always strongly suggest that they choose a “full spectrum” extract. This means all of the cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes contained by the plant were extracted and used in the CBD or hemp oil. It’s also possible to make psychoactive cannabis into a full spectrum extract.
If a user consumes full spectrum oil, it’s believed by many scientists that it makes use of what is termed the “entourage effect”. What this means is that all cannabinoids, fatty acids, flavonoids, terpenes, and other compounds found in the plant work together to stretch their benefits to the utmost.
It’s important to bear in mind that not everybody agrees that an entourage effect exists. As Scientific American put it, a great number of other scientists consider this to be no more than a fantasy. The idea of botanical marijuana having a synergistic chemical effect is most controversial.
Generally, however, cannabis users and experts speak of how full spectrum products produce a better, more satisfying healing experience.
CBD and THC are the cannabinoids most common in marijuana. Both have a special kind of synergy that results in an entourage effect. Many people have reported benefits from low-THC, hemp-derived CBD extracts and full spectrum hemp oils. Others, however, feel they require THC for the best result and uses cbd oil in vape.
CBD products derived from hemp ought to be legal in every state, while not every state has legalized marijuana for recreational or even medicinal purposes. CBD Oil Adviser suggest you try everything you can get your hands on to discover what best meets your needs.
We are only at the start of the science of cannabinoids
It can be concluded that the study of cannabinoid compounds remains at an early stage. Although scientists have already leaped forward hugely in the world of cannabinoids, there are even larger leaps still to be made. As the United States gradually alters its laws concerning cannabis and CBD grows more popular, things can only get better!
Meanwhile, if you suffer from chronic pain, PTSD or some other mental illness, or even osteoporosis, you might find relief from trying other cannabinoids. Just like with any other treatment, please conduct research of your own and see a doctor.